Ankle & Foot



About Foot and Ankle Injuries
Your ankle and foot are complicated structures. This complexity helps you move freely and keep your balance, but also means injuries can happen many different ways.

At Hanover Sports Medicine, our sports medicine doctors, physical therapists, athletic trainers and other specialists treat all types of foot and ankle injuries – mild or severe, whatever the cause. We provide the expert care you need to literally get back on your feet.


About the Ankle
The ankle is made up of two separate bones. The ankle bones are connected to your lower leg by ligaments (structures that hold the ankle steady) and muscles and tendons (structures that move the ankle). The ankle also includes firm, rubbery tissue called cartilage. All these parts help your ankle handle the stresses of walking, running and other activities.


About the Foot
The foot has even more parts than the ankle: 28 bones, 33 joints and many ligaments, muscles and tendons. Because your foot has so many small bones, it’s easy to injure one, whether you are an athlete or not.


Sports-Related Foot and Ankle Injuries
Foot and Ankle Sprains
Ankle sprains are especially common in athletes. The first signs are usually pain and swelling or bruising. You might limp to avoid putting weight on the ankle. Common causes of ankle sprains include not warming up enough and rolling the ankle.


Foot and Ankle Fractures
Broken toes and other foot fractures are common in sports, especially soccer. Foot and ankle fractures are also common in everyday life. Signs of foot and ankle fractures include pain, swelling, bruising and being unable to put weight on the injury. A broken ankle might also look crooked.


Foot and Ankle Dislocations
Ankle dislocations happen when a strong force pushes the joint out of place. Because it takes a lot of force to do this, the ankle is often also broken. See a doctor right away if you think you might have a dislocated foot or ankle. Having a joint out of place can disrupt normal blood flow and nerve function, and this can cause serious problems.


Foot and Ankle Tendon rupture
The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel. When it ruptures, its fibers separate and tear. This injury is most common in athletes. Signs of a ruptured Achilles tendon are sudden pain and sometimes a “snap” at the back of the ankle. Achilles and other tendon ruptures need medical treatment, so don’t wait to see a doctor.


Posterior tibial tendon rupture is another injury that can happen from high-impact sports or everyday life. The posterior tibial tendon connects your calf muscle to the bones inside the foot. Pain on the inside of the foot or ankle that gets worse with activity can be a sign of posterior tendon problems.




Problems From High or Low Arches

Having high or low arches can cause foot and ankle problems, whether you play sports or not. For example, they can cause tendonitis, plantar fasciitis and metatarsalgia (commonly called a “stone bruise”). Metatarsalgia causes pain on the ball of the foot, while plantar fasciitis causes pain on the bottom of the heel and middle of the foot. Tendonitis can happen in a variety of places.

If you have pain or discomfort, especially if it gets worse with activity, a sports medicine specialist will check to see if high or low arches could be a factor.


Arthritis of the Foot and Ankle

Arthritis of the foot and ankle is common because these areas carry our weight every day. The risk increases with age and wear and tear from sports or regular activities.

In arthritis, joints rub together and form new bone or bone spurs. Along with wear and tear on the cartilage (firm, rubbery tissue that supports and cushions the joints), bone spurs can cause pain and swelling in the ankle and foot. Stiff joints are another symptom of arthritis. All these symptoms can make it difficult to exercise, play sports or even walk normally. But activity is one of the best arthritis treatments because it keeps the joints lubricated. At Hanover Sports Medicine, we want to get you back on your feet and active so you can feel better.



Get Care for Foot and Ankle Injuries

Do you have a foot or ankle injury? Not sure if something is wrong? Call Hanover Sports Medicine at 804-559-7463 or, Request an Appointment Online. We offer care after regular business hours,Ortho After Hours